alrus oil, ivory and
a hide tough enough to be used in the rigging of sailing ships
made the walrus a valuable commodity among the Europeans who
came to Canada's East Coast from the sixteenth century on. Once
found in great numbers from Newfoundland to northern New
England - like the once-great walrus herds of Europe's North
Atlantic - three centuries of uncontrolled hunting had brought
the walrus to extinction in Atlantic Canada by the early 1800s.
The extinction of the walrus may have signaled the beginning of the
end of a way of life that had sustained generations of Native and
non-Native peoples in Atlantic Canada.