provided rich feeding grounds, and it was here that aboriginal
peoples found much of their sustenance during the year. The cold
Labrador current, combined with the warm Gulf Stream, created a
plentiful source of food for fishing peoples.
It is only through historical accounts and oral traditions,
however, that we can truly appreciate the vast extent and diversity
of marine life available to aboriginal peoples. Most peoples used
their knowledge of seasonal cycles to target particular species at
strategic locations. Smaller fish species such as herring and
capelin were usually trapped or netted; larger species such as
salmon and striped bass were speared. Shellfish were collected
seasonally - primarily during the spring to mid-summer
period - but were available year-round.