LIFELINES | Cross Currents | The Cod Rush | Swales and Whales |
Possessions | A Lobster Tale | The Lure of the River | Nova Scotia Motor Fishing Boats

Lifelines: Canada's East Coast Fisheries

Cross Currents
500 Generations of Aboriginal Fishing 
in Atlantic Canada
Fishing Between Tides
Cross Currents: 
500 Generations of Aboriginal Fishing in Atlantic Canada


Atlantic Canada has many sheltered coastlines, bays and islands, providing excellent conditions for marine life. With the added feature of the highest tides in the world, the intertidal zone of the Bay of Fundy is especially rich in marine resources.

Shellfish were an essential year-round part of the aboriginal diet in these coastal settings. Mollusks and other edible plant and animal life were easily collected at low tide. Middens - accumulations of discarded shells from native encampments, often several metres deep - are preserved in many parts of the Maritimes and New England. New Brunswick's Passamaquoddy Bay has literally hundreds of such sites, indicating the presence of aboriginal settlements for thousands of years.

Passamaquoddy Bay - 
Photograph: David Sanger

View of Passamaquoddy Bay,
New Brunswick, from Shell Midden Site

(Photo: David Sanger,
Canadian Museum of Civilization)




Menu - Lifelines Menu - Cross Currents