boriginal peoples depended
year-round on the wide range of fish and marine resources found in
coastal estuaries and their tributaries. Tidal effects were often felt
far inland from the ocean along rivers and saltwater estuaries.
The place where this tidal effect ends is known as the "head-of-tide".
For millennia, these spots have been preferred sites for fishing,
camping and villages. Some saltwater fish species, such as the striped
bass, spawn only as far up an estuary as the head-of-tide.
Protected shallow lagoons, commonly found at the entrances to tidal
estuaries, provided aboriginal peoples with easy access to a bountiful
supply of many species of saltwater and freshwater fish. Narrow estuary
channels also permitted the construction of weirs made of woven