tlantic Canada's waters
and coastlines offer highly diverse habitats for marine mammals,
including large and small species of whales, porpoises and seals.
Most importantly, the harp seal migrates southward on ice packs
from the Arctic, arriving in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in vast
numbers during the fall. Noticeably absent from today's waters is
the Atlantic walrus, which had been hunted to extinction by the
early nineteenth century. The most populous walrus areas of
Atlantic Canada once lay in three places: the Magdalene Islands,
Sable Island, and the southern coast of Newfoundland. Aboriginal
peoples developed specialized technologies and strategies for
hunting sea mammals, like the walrus, in order to exploit this
invaluable source of food and raw materials.