Mysteries of Egypt


This remarkable woman ruled Egypt as a true pharaoh for 15 years during the 18th dynasty (1473-1458 B.C., New Kingdom).

The original capstone topped an obelisk erected by Queen Hatshepsut at the temple of Amun at Karnak. In this scene, Hatshepsut is depicted kneeling before the god Amun. She is wearing the clothing of a pharaoh - a man's kilt with a royal bull's tail on the front and the white atef crown of Egypt - to indicate her position as "a female king". Her name, Maat-ka-re, is engraved in a cartouche, a symbol reserved for the names of pharaohs. Capstone of Hatshepsut
Plaster cast
Royal Ontario Museum

Queen Hatshepsut's Expedition to Punt Ship; photo: CMC S97-10948 (extract); courtesy of the Dr. Ragab Papyrus Institute
Papyrus painting, modern
The Egyptians sent trading missions to Punt, a region of East Africa that was rich in gold, resins, ebony, blackwood, ivory and wild animals, including monkeys and baboons. They also went in search of slaves. The best-documented mission was sent during the reign of Hatshepsut. Scenes from these expeditions are illustrated on her funerary temple at Deir el-Bahari, near the Valley of the Kings.

Scene from Hatshepsut's temple;
CMC PCD 2001-308-082

SEE articles:
The Search for Hatshepsut and the Discovery of her Mummy
Tooth solves Hatshepsut mummy mystery

"Hatshepsut: Temptress of the Nile"

by Katherine Sandford

A theatrical production of Dramamuse
presented in the exhibition Mysteries of Egypt

The crew of a B-series film is having a lot of trouble trying to recreate the feeling of old Hollywood movies about Ancient Egypt. While they are working, the members of the crew realize they each have very different ideas about the mysteries of this great civilization. As the crew members examine their different points of view, the complexity of Ancient Egypt begins to emerge. In the end, they gain a better understanding of the subject and take a humorous a look at the origins of some common superstitions.

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