Around the mid-19th century, rug hooking was associated with other domestic tasks done by women such as weaving, carding, and spinning. Integrated into household activities, the technique continued to develop up until the mid-20th century, when it was gradually transformed into a craft.
In addition to being a domestic activity, rug hooking helped strengthen community and social ties. While creating the strips of fabric, preparing the canvas, making vegetable dyes, and doing the actual hooking, women met to exchange ideas and designs. They usually gathered during the long winter hours, when household chores were less demanding.