Archaeological Excavation

Tsimshian Society and Culture

Tsimshian Villages

Tsimshian Prehistory: Recent Publications

Perspectives on Northern Northwest Coast Prehistory

Edited by Jerome S. Cybulski

Perspectives on Northern Northwest Coast Prehistory

Thirteen scientists provide insight into the archaeology of the north coast of British Columbia in celebration of field work begun by George F. MacDonald for the National Museum of Canada in 1966. A decade's worth of field seasons saw excavation at 18 sites representing 5000 years of human occupation. Dr. MacDonald and the editor introduce the volume and provide an overview of fieldwork at Prince Rupert Harbour where most of the archaeology was done. Ensuing chapters investigate paleoenvironmental influences on human settlement, theoretical concepts involved in northern Northwest Coast research, and the interplay of aboriginal oral traditions and archaeological findings. Consideration is given to the biological relationships of ancient and historic human populations, preserved organics and their role in the identification of ethnicity, zooarchaeological remains and their bearing on subsistence and seasonality, the emergence and maintenance of ranked society, and protohistoric competition and trade. A final chapter treats the crucial issue of site preservation and increasing First Nations involvement.

Mercury Series
Archaeological Survey of Canada, Paper 160
ISBN 0-660-17844-3
9.5" x 6.75", 292 pp.
7 illustrations; 55 line drawings, tables and maps, 2001
$29.95 (paper)

(Price does not include shipping & handling or GST)

A Greenville Burial Ground

Human Remains and Mortuary Elements in British Columbia Coast Prehistory

By Jerome S. Cybulski

A Greenville Burial Ground

A midden excavation in the modern Nisga'a village of Greenville in west-central British Columbia yielded 36 human burial features, the skeletal remains of 57 individuals, 231 cultural artifacts, and 19,389 pieces of non-human bone. Two burial components were identified, one in a shell layer dated A.D. 566 to 1010, the other in an overlying soil layer dated A.D. 1180 to 1290 in calibrated radiocarbon years. Dissimilar age and sex distributions suggest structural differences in the contributing populations, though a single lineage or social class could have been involved.

Greenville accounts for eight per cent of all currently known prehistoric British Columbia coast burials starting at 5,500 years ago and seventy per cent of those assignable to the Late Developmental Stage, the last 1,300 years of Indian history before European contact. It may represent one of the last examples of midden burial as a significant cultural practice, replaced throughout the coast, possibly by A.D. 1300, by the historically known practices of above-ground corpse disposal.

Mercury Series
Archaeological Survey of Canada, Paper 146
ISBN 0-660-14008-X
251 pp., 52 figures, 20 tables, 1992
$9.95 (paper)

(Price does not include shipping & handling or GST)

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These publications are available only in English.

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