Making Medicare:  The History of Health Care in Canada, 1914-2007 Back to Timeline Back to Timeline
History: 1930-1939 ORIGINS, 19141929 DEPRESSION DEVELOPMENTS, 19301939 NATIONAL SYSTEM, NATIONAL FAILURE? : WAR, RECONSTRUCTION AND HEALTH SECURITY FOR CANADIANS, 1939–1948



Medical Care in the Dust Bowl

In Saskatchewan the situation was even worse. The sustained failure of the wheat crop meant that many communities could not afford to pay the salaries of their municipal doctors, who were then on relief like the majority of their patients. As well, 130 other practitioners in hard-hit areas were trying to subsist on an average of $27 per month. To keep them in the province, the provincial government paid them $75 per month for the next five years. By 1937, two-thirds of the province’s population was trying to survive on monthly relief payments of $20.20 for a family of five. Not surprisingly, many doctors left, and the doctor-to-patient ratio decreased from 1:1,579 in 1931 to 1:1,700 in 1941.
But concerned local politicians like Matt Anderson, a Norwegian immigrant, argued in favour of a municipal health insurance plan funded through annual individual or family premiums. In 1938, having gained the support of doctors in Regina, Anderson presented the measure to his colleagues on various regional councils, where straw votes found 80 per cent of the residents in favour of the project. By 1939, Anderson had persuaded the provincial government to introduce the Municipal Medical and Hospital Services Act, which was passed unanimously. Such local initiatives indicated the extent to which rural Canadians were seeking to control the costs of hospital and medical care.

Photo: voting notice

This voting notice presented Matt Anderson’s case for health insurance to regional councils in Saskatchewan in 1938. Anderson’s success with regional councils persuaded the provincial government to introduce the Municipal Medical and Hospital Services Act in 1939.
Courtesy of Dr. Stuart Houston

Transcription:
Health Insurance
Have you had to pay for Sickness?
Have you had to pay for Hospital Care?
Have you had to pay for an Operation?
Have you had to pay for Prescribed Medicines?
Would not a Guarantee that you could protect your health and obtain these Services for about $5.00 a year be more satisfactory?

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    Date Created: March 31, 2010 | Last Updated: April 21, 2010