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The Pharaonic Period

CMC PCD 2001-310-012 The pharaonic period spans over 3,000 years, beginning when kings first ruled Egypt. The first dynasty started in 3000 B.C. with the reign of King Narmer. Throughout the centuries, the power of the pharaohs increased and decreased numerous times before Egypt came under Roman rule in the Graeco-Roman Period (332 B.C. - A.D. 395). The pharaonic period ended with the death of the last Cleopatra during the thirty-second dynasty. When the Roman Empire was divided in A.D. 395, Egypt was controlled from Byzantium until the Arab conquest in A.D. 641.

The history of the pharaohs is divided into dynastic periods, starting with the Early Period and ending with the Graeco-Roman Period. Manetho, a scribe in the fourth century B.C., was the first person to group the reigns of Egyptian kings according to dynastic periods.


Predynastic Period
prior to 3000 B.C.
Early Period, 3000-2575 B.C.
First and second dynasties
Old Kingdom, 2575-2134 B.C.
Third to sixth dynasties
First Intermediate Period, 2134-2040 B.C.
Seventh to tenth dynasties
Middle Kingdom, 2040-1640 B.C.
Eleventh to thirteenth dynasties \
Second Intermediate Period, 1640-1550 B.C.
Fourteenth to seventeenth dynasties
New Kingdom, 1550-1070 B.C.
Eighteenth to twentieth dynasties
Third Intermediate Period, 1070-712 B.C.
Twenty-first to twenty-fourth dynasties
Late Period, 712-332 B.C.
Twenty-fifth to thirtieth dynasties <
Graeco-Roman Period, 332 B.C. - A.D. 395
Thirty-first and thirty-second dynasties



Chronology: Egypt

World History Timeline: Ancient Egypt

Chronology of Ancient Egypt

Digital Egypt for Universities: Chronology

Wikipedia: Egyptian Chronology

PCD 2001-272-030

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