The Canadian Arctic Expedition of 1913–1918 was an unforgettable saga of exploration, discovery and human drama. The Expedition was one of the world's last great journeys of discovery before the age of modern communication, and airborne reconnaissance and rescue. It is an awe-inspiring story of adversity and scientific revelation.
Discover the virtual exhibition Northern People, Northern Knowledge, full of stories, photos and films on the Expedition.
One of the most significant scientific expeditions to the Canadian Arctic ever, the Canadian Arctic Expedition depended on dog sleds to achieve its scientific and exploration goals. Dogs and sleds were essential for winter travel, for communication between survey parties, for the collection of artifacts and specimens, and for the transport of food, supplies and equipment.
Technology of 1913
Diamond Jenness recorded songs by the Copper Inuit, the Mackenzie River Inuit and other local peoples, including one Siberian Inuk who sang a Russian song. The recording phonograph, purchased for the Expedition, used a needle to imprint the sounds on wax recording cylinders. This was the technology used in 1913 to record sound, just as a digital recorder is used today.