Hudson’s Bay Company is established

May 2, 2017

Hudson’s Bay Company Charter

Hudson’s Bay Company Charter. HBC Corporate Collection, HBCA 1987/363-C-25/6

May 2, 1670

On May 2, 1670, England’s King Charles II granted a royal charter to a fur-trading venture called the Hudson’s Bay Company. Unbeknownst to inhabitants of the region, the charter granted the company title to a vast area of North America that was later known as Rupert’s Land. The company controlled the fur trade for several centuries and when this industry declined, it transformed itself into a mercantile venture supplying the developing West.

Each day for 150 days leading up to the opening of the Canadian History Hall, we’re presenting one moment among the many that have shaped our country. Discover more of Canada’s significant historical events in the new Canadian History Hall, opening July 1, 2017.