Further reading:
Working Wear

Further Reading: The social context of work at the time of Confederation

For general overviews of the working class during the Confederation era, see:

  • Bryan D. Palmer, Working-Class Experience: Rethinking the History of Canadian Labour, 1800–1991 (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1992).
  • Ruth A. Frager and Carmela Patrias, Discounted Labour: Women Workers in Canada, 1870–1939 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005).

For various aspects of the urban working class, see:

  • Robert B. Kristofferson, Craft Capitalism: Craftworkers and Early Industrialization in Hamilton, Ontario, 1840–1872 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007).
  • Bettina Bradbury, Working Families: Age, Gender, and Daily Survival in Industrializing Montreal (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1993).
  • John Bullen, “Hidden Workers: Child Labour and the Family Economy in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ontario” Labour/Le Travail 18 (Fall 1986), pp. 163–187
  • Claudette Lacelle, Urban Domestic Servants in Nineteenth-Century Canada (Ottawa: Environment Canada, 1987).
  • Odette Vincent Domey, Filles et familles en milieu ouvrier: Hull, Québec à la fin du X!Xe siècle (Montréal : Regroupement des chercheurs-chercheures en histoire des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec, 1991)
  • Jean Du Berger and Jacques Mathieu, eds. Les ouvrières de Dominion Corset à Québec, 1886-1988. (Sainte-Foy : Les presses de l’Université Laval, 1993).

For information on rural life, see:

  • Marjorie G. Cohen, Women’s Work, Markets, and Economic Development in Nineteenth-Century Ontario (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988).
  • Elizabeth J. Errington, Wives and Mothers, Schoolmistresses and Scullery Maids: Working Women in Upper Canada, 1790–1840 (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press, 1995).
  • Normand Séguin.Agriculture et colonisation au Québec : aspects historiques. (Montréal : Boréal Express, [1980])
  • Serge Courville and Normand Séguin ; translation by Sinclair Robinson,.Rural life in nineteenth-century Quebec (Ottawa : Canadian Historical Association, 1989).

Further Reading: Working wear at the time of Confederation

  • Barrett, Lois (Pete). “Clothes Had to Be Tidy and Clean.” Them Days (Stories of Early Labrador) 9, no. 3 (March 1984): 33-35.
  • Bates, Christina. “Shop and Factory: The Ontario Millinery Trade in Transition, 1870-1930.” In Fashion: A Canadian Perspective, edited by Alexandra Palmer. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, October, 2004.
  • Larocque, Peter J. “’The Work Being Chiefly Performed by Women’: Female Workers in the Garment Industry in Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1871. In Fashion: A Canadian Perspective, edited by Alexandra Palmer. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, October, 2004.
  • De Marly, Diana. Working Dress: A History of Occupational Clothing. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc., 1986.
  • Poulin, Pierre. “Au tournant du siècle : ateliers et manufactures de vêtements. » Cap-aux-diamants 4 :2 (Summer 1988) 49-50.