- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - Canada, Province / Territory - Quebec, Municipality - Lennoxville
- Category Personal artifacts
- Sub-category Clothing, outerwear
- Department History
- Museum CMH
- Earliest 1880/01/01
- Latest 1889/12/31
- Materials Linen, Cotton, Mammal wool
- Measurements Length 46.0 cm, Width 29.0 cm, Thickness 9.9 cm
- Caption The Weaver
Mainly a part-time winter activity, weaving relies on a series of preparations that involve all family members. The men shear the sheep in the early spring when the wool is thickest. The shorn wool is taken to a carding mill where it is cleaned and disentangled and then returned to the farm for spinning. The flax required for linen is planted in the spring and weeded by the children in the summer before being pulled late in August. The seeds are removed using a comb, the flax is soaked to loosen the fibres and then the stalk is beaten with a stick to separate the fibres from the bark and the core of the stalk. The long fibres can now be carded in readiness for spinning. Whether using wool or flax fibre, it takes about eight to ten hours of spinning for the farmwife and her daughters to produce enough thread for just one hour of weaving.
The handloom used for weaving consists of four wooden posts joined at the top and bottom to form a boxlike framework about the size of a double bed. The warp unwinds from a roller at the back while another at the front collects the cloth. To weave cloth, the farmer's wife passes a shuttle containing the weft thread back and forth through the warp, using foot peddles to raise and lower alternate threads. The weaver pulls a batten hung from the top of the loom against the weft to push each thread firmly against the cloth already woven. Depending on the thickness of the yarn, it might take 40 passes of the weft to produce a couple of centimetres of cloth. A good weaver can produce about three metres of cloth in a day, but adjustments to the loom and repairs to broken warp or weft might slow down the process.
- Caption Comments on this jacket
- Additional Information A girl's grey and red waist jacket made of -twill-warp natural linen, and weft of mixed black and natural white wool yarns; deep crimson plush khaki coloured cotton tabby. Fronts fitted with long vertical darts from the curved lower edge. The back cut and fitted in six pieces; two centre pieces terminate in free-hanging points; stand-up plush collar; long sleeves shaped and cut in two pieces; trimmed with two plush tabs, each with a metal button like those down the centre front opening from throat to bottom edge. Each front is trimmed with three slightly diagonal plush tabs which meet at the centre front opening; lined with cotton tabby. This may have been a jacket bodice that belonged to a dress.