- Category Recreational artifacts
- Sub-category Public entertainment device
- Department Folklore
- Museum CMH
- Earliest 1940/01/01
- Latest 1949/12/31
- Materials Wood, Textile, Straw, Metal, Nylon, Plastic
- Measurements Height 71.0 cm, Width 25.0 cm, Depth 14.0 cm
- Related activity Puppetry
- Caption Hal and Renné Marquette
Stage dancers Hal and Renné Marquette began to experiment with puppets in the early 1940s. During the Second World War, Hal was sent overseas and, upon his return, used his rehabilitation money to create the Marquette Imaginettes. They introduced marionettes into their dance act, and until the mid-1950s performed at trade shows, in nightclubs and department stores, and with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra. They were later hired by the CBC to operate the "Howdy Doody" characters for the Canadian version of the series. The Marquettes continued to perform in television until 1961.
Adapted from Figuratively Speaking : Puppetry in Ontario by Ken McKay, copyright 1990. Courtesy of the Ontario Puppetry Association and Ken McKay.
- Caption Marionette
(Alternate name: String Puppet)
This category of puppet is controlled from above using strings. Marionettes are usually fully articulated, with strings linking the different parts of the body - head, torso, arms, legs - to a hand-held "control". Several different types of controls exist, with various degrees of complexity (vertical, horizontal, angled). Marionettes can be made of a wide range of materials: wood, paper, fabric, foam rubber, etc.
Marionette combining two characters - sometimes more - which are usually placed side by side and attached to the same control. This type of puppet is most often used when similar characters must make identical movements; e.g., a corps de ballet.
A marionette constructed and strung in a way that allows it to perform precise and intricate activities (e.g., juggling, performing complex manoeuvres on a trapeze), or to transform (e.g., when one character changes into another). In the latter case, it should be noted that the term "transformation marionette" can also be used.