- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - Canada
- Category Recreational artifacts
- Sub-category Public entertainment device
- Department Folklore
- Museum CMH
- Earliest 1935/01/01
- Latest 1945/12/31
- Materials Wood, Metal, Papier-mâché, Textile, Plastic
- Measurements Height 41.0 cm, Width 24.0 cm, Depth 6.5 cm
- Related activity Puppetry
- Caption Character from a theatre production
- Additional Information Used in variety show performances during the 1940s and in 1958 at the South Western Ontario Puppetry Guild Festival.
- Caption The Variety Show
- Additional Information A well-known singer and a virtuoso musician perform a popular song. A clown practises a juggling feat. In a variety show, it's the technical skills of the puppeteer - behind the marionette - that are really under the spotlight. Based on the tradition of the travelling circus, a variety show consists of short numbers performed by one or more marionettes. More important than the story is the panache given to the puppet's movements and the realism of the imitations. Excerpt from exhibition text: Strings, Springs and Finger Things: A New Puppet Collection at the Museum, May 1996 to August 1998
- Caption Edith Gardner
Edith Gardner, a Home Economics teacher in Hamilton, Ontario, worked independently of the professional puppeteers' circle. Her interest in puppetry began in the 1940s, and she became active in the Hamilton Marionette Club, the Southwestern Ontario Puppetry Guild and the Ontario Puppetry Association. One of her puppets' most interesting characteristics is that their faces were often portraits of people she knew.
Adapted from Figuratively Speaking : Puppetry in Ontario by Ken McKay, copyright 1990. Courtesy of the Ontario Puppetry Association and Ken McKay.
- Caption Marionette
(Alternate name: String Puppet)
This category of puppet is controlled from above using strings. Marionettes are usually fully articulated, with strings linking the different parts of the body - head, torso, arms, legs - to a hand-held "control". Several different types of controls exist, with various degrees of complexity (vertical, horizontal, angled). Marionettes can be made of a wide range of materials: wood, paper, fabric, foam rubber, etc.
Marionette combining two characters - sometimes more - which are usually placed side by side and attached to the same control. This type of puppet is most often used when similar characters must make identical movements; e.g., a corps de ballet.
A marionette constructed and strung in a way that allows it to perform precise and intricate activities (e.g., juggling, performing complex manoeuvres on a trapeze), or to transform (e.g., when one character changes into another). In the latter case, it should be noted that the term "transformation marionette" can also be used.