- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - Canada
- Category Recreational artifacts
- Sub-category Public entertainment device
- Department Folklore
- Museum CMH
- Earliest 1935/01/01
- Latest 1955/12/31
- Materials Wood, Papier-mâché, Textile, Cotton, Plastic, Metal, Paper
- Measurements Height 57.0 cm, Width 17.0 cm, Depth 6.0 cm
- Related activity Puppetry
- Caption Character from a theatre production
- Additional Information Used during the 1940s and 1950s, most likely in variety show performances.
- Caption Edith Gardner
Edith Gardner, a Home Economics teacher in Hamilton, Ontario, worked independently of the professional puppeteers' circle. Her interest in puppetry began in the 1940s, and she became active in the Hamilton Marionette Club, the Southwestern Ontario Puppetry Guild and the Ontario Puppetry Association. One of her puppets' most interesting characteristics is that their faces were often portraits of people she knew.
Adapted from Figuratively Speaking : Puppetry in Ontario by Ken McKay, copyright 1990. Courtesy of the Ontario Puppetry Association and Ken McKay.
- Caption Marionette
(Alternate name: String Puppet)
This category of puppet is controlled from above using strings. Marionettes are usually fully articulated, with strings linking the different parts of the body - head, torso, arms, legs - to a hand-held "control". Several different types of controls exist, with various degrees of complexity (vertical, horizontal, angled). Marionettes can be made of a wide range of materials: wood, paper, fabric, foam rubber, etc.
Marionette combining two characters - sometimes more - which are usually placed side by side and attached to the same control. This type of puppet is most often used when similar characters must make identical movements; e.g., a corps de ballet.
A marionette constructed and strung in a way that allows it to perform precise and intricate activities (e.g., juggling, performing complex manoeuvres on a trapeze), or to transform (e.g., when one character changes into another). In the latter case, it should be noted that the term "transformation marionette" can also be used.