- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - CanadaContinent - North America, Country - Canada, Continent - North America, Country - United States of America
- Category Recreational artifacts
- Sub-category Public entertainment device
- Department Folklore
- Museum CMH
- Earliest 1933/01/01
- Latest 1942/12/31
- Materials Wood, Textile
- Measurements Height 59.0 cm, Width 27.0 cm, Depth 6.5 cm
- Related activity Puppetry
- Caption Muriel Heddle
Born in the United States, Muriel Heddle developed an interest in puppetry while studying at the Ontario College of Art. Her primary interest was in choreographing marionettes to classical music. Form 1930 to 1933, she assisted Rosalynde Stearn in teaching the design and operation of marionettes, and later began to work with Violet and David Keogh, becoming their partner in 1936. The resulting Kay-Heddle Marionettes played with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra at Massey Hall in 1937, and performed in department stores, at the Toronto Art Gallery, and in a series of trade shows at the Canadian National Exhibition in 1938 and 1939. The patnership ended when Heddle formed her own company, The Royal Canadian Puppet Ballet (1939-1942). The company toured Canada and the United States until 1942, when the U.S entered Second World War, forcing the company to disband. Over the years, Heddle became known for the design of her puppets, which often featured solid black eyes, and is said to have designed more than 800 puppets during her career.
Adapted from Figuratively Speaking : Puppetry in Ontario by Ken McKay, copyright 1990. Courtesy of the Ontario Puppetry Association and Ken McKay.
- Caption Marionette
(Alternate name: String Puppet)
This category of puppet is controlled from above using strings. Marionettes are usually fully articulated, with strings linking the different parts of the body - head, torso, arms, legs - to a hand-held "control". Several different types of controls exist, with various degrees of complexity (vertical, horizontal, angled). Marionettes can be made of a wide range of materials: wood, paper, fabric, foam rubber, etc.
Marionette combining two characters - sometimes more - which are usually placed side by side and attached to the same control. This type of puppet is most often used when similar characters must make identical movements; e.g., a corps de ballet.
A marionette constructed and strung in a way that allows it to perform precise and intricate activities (e.g., juggling, performing complex manoeuvres on a trapeze), or to transform (e.g., when one character changes into another). In the latter case, it should be noted that the term "transformation marionette" can also be used.