Champlain, soldier and navy captain, 1609
Based on detail of the engraving Defeat of the Iroquois at Lake Champlain Champlain,
The Voyages, 1613
National Library of Canada
circa 1575; son of Antoine, a navy captain, and of Marguerite Leroy.
Childhood in Brouage, where ships were fitted out for fishing off the coast
the billet master in Brittany’s royal army.
Captain in a
company stationed at Quimper.
Spain and the "West Indies"; stayed in Peru and Mexico.
large property near La Rochelle.
Received a pension from the court of Henri IV of France.
to travel to Canada to investigate the establishment of a settlement in New
France. Champlain sojourned at Tadoussac and explored the Saint Lawrence
River up to Montreal with Gravé du Pont.
and wintered at Sainte-Croix island.
Sojourned at Port
Quebec and ordered the first settlement to be built at the foot of Cap
Took part in
his first battle against the Iroquois near the lake that was named after
Ottawa Valley up to île aux Allumettes.
exploration of the Ottawa Valley and reached Huronia. Took part in a raid
into Iroquois territory.
1618 - 1625:
Appointed lieutenant to the Viceroy of New France. Presented the
King of France with a trade colonization programme, showing that he was a
farsighted and practical administrator.
building of a second settlement at Quebec.
1628 - 1629:
the Kirkes’ blockade, had to surrender Quebec to the English privateers in
July 1629, two months after the Peace of Susa was signed.
Quebec is given
back to France.
representative of Cardinal Richelieu and became a shareholder in the Company
of One Hundred Associates.
Died at Quebec
on December 25, 1635.
In short, over a period of 32 years, Champlain crossed the Atlantic
22 times and travelled 35,000 kilometres. He lived on the banks of the St.
Lawrence River throughout the year.