Such idealism found no echo in Members of Parliament from Quebec and several of the Atlantic and Western provinces. For them, health care was a personal responsibility, and the government should not encroach on either the doctor–patient relationship or provincial jurisdiction. As labour unrest increased and the Winnipeg General Strike prompted fears of Bolshevik agitation, the idea of federal support for “sickness and invalidity insurance” faded. The new federal Department of Health opened officially in July 1919, with Newton Rowell as the first Minister of Health and Dr. John Andrew Amyot, a decorated war veteran and former Professor of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene at the University of Toronto, as the Deputy Minister. Their first task was to create and implement federal shared-cost funding programs to deal with tuberculosis and venereal disease, scourges that were feared among returning troops.