Governing on Behalf of the British Crown, or on Behalf of the People
The first legislative
assembly was elected in Nova Scotia in 1758. Prince Edward Island followed
suit in 1773, New Brunswick in 1785, then Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper
Canada (Ontario) in 1792. Still, the power of government remained in the
hands of executive council members nominated by colonial governors, who
were themselves nominated by the British Crown. Council members could block
any law adopted by an assembly and
were in no way accountable to the electorate.
Nova Scotia again innovated
in 1848, when it inaugurated the first elected responsible government in a
British colony. Six years later, all colonies had responsible government.
From then on, governments
would have to answer to the electors.