First Peoples > An Aboriginal Presence > Our Origins > Archaeology > At the Edge of the Ice

An Aboriginal Presence

Our Origins

Archaeology - At the Edge of the Ice

About 18,000 years ago, at the height of the last Ice Age, almost all of northern North America lay under a heavy mantle of glacial ice. The land was uninhabitable, and by modern standards, unrecognizable. Only the far northwest - a region known as Beringia - was unglaciated and open to human occupation. The early history of First Peoples in Canada begins with the fact of this glacial ice, and its subsequent melting.

Did you know?


Full Glacial: 18,000 years ago

Late Glacial: 11,000 years ago

Early Postglacial: 8,000 years ago

Middle Postglacial: 5,000 years ago

Late Postglacial: 1,000 years ago

Previous      Next