The battle at Seven Oaks

June 19, 2017

Scrimshaw sculpture

Scrimshaw sculpture wishing good luck to the Hudson’s Bay Company, J. Hall, 1816. Canadian Museum of History, 2008.112.11, IMG2008-0584

June 19, 1816

In 1811, the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) began efforts to settle displaced Scottish farmers in the Red River Valley. Settlers soon attempted to restrict hunting and freighting by the Métis, many of whom worked as provisioners for the North West Company (NWC). Mutual hostility culminated in the Battle of Seven Oaks, on June 19, 1816. Led by Cuthbert Grant, the Métis defeated a party of settlers, killing 21. This incident spurred a growing sense of nationhood among the Métis and contributed to the forced merger of the HBC and the NWC in 1821.

Each day for 150 days leading up to the opening of the Canadian History Hall, we’re presenting one moment among the many that have shaped our country. Discover more of Canada’s significant historical events in the new Canadian History Hall, opening July 1, 2017.