The 1982 Constitution Act and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
April 17, 1982
The creation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was a key aspect of the constitutional reform agreed to in 1981 by the federal government and nine provinces (excluding Quebec). The Charter’s inclusion in the Constitution means that any law found to violate basic freedoms and individual and minority rights becomes invalid. The Charter came into force — with numerous amendments — on April 17, 1982. Since then, the Supreme Court of Canada has rendered hundreds of decisions related to charter rights.
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