Research and Collections

Research and Collections

Field Definitions – Descriptive Fields

Field Definitions
Descriptive Fields

The focus of the ACNS database on advertisements for goods is reflected in the Descriptive fields, most of which organize commodities into broad groups to ease retrieval. The nine commodity fields represent the core of the database around which most of the other fields have been built. All searches for records containing individual commodities must include the field in which the commodity will be found. To understand the content of the various commodity fields and to match individual terms to their commodity groupings consult the supporting document THE ANY FILES. See also COMMODITY CATEGORIES AND RELATED SUB-CATEGORIES.

The Descriptive fields also include fields for services (DESERV) and general information (DE). Because of the nature of the Descriptive fields and since they do not provide controlled indexes in the way most of the Subject fields do, an attempt has been made to retain as much of the language of the advertisement as possible, including verbatim descriptions and obsolete spellings.

DESCRIPTION (DE)

DEFINITION:
This field provides the detail of advertisement content. It usually includes a summary statement regarding the nature of the advertisement or announcement either taken verbatim from the source or paraphrased for the sake of brevity. It often consists of whatever information remains after all other indexing has been completed. In addition, the DE is used to retain connections between pieces of information transcribed into separate fields (e.g. links between Person and Occupation, Vessel Name, Vessel Type and Vessel Provenance). This field is searchable by keyword.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, free text

EXAMPLES:
FOR SALE NEXT TUESDAY, AT 11 O’CLOCK, AT THE SUBSCRIBER’S STORE. SUNDRY OTHER GOOD TERMS – UNDER 15 ENGLISH POUNDS TO 30 POUNDS, THREE MONTHS. 30 ENGLISH POUNDS TO 75 ENGLISH POUNDS, FOUR MONTHS. OVER 75 ENGLISH POUNDS, SIX MONTHS.

A WILTON GREEN CARPET WAS STOLEN FROM MR. ROUBAELET AT THE PONTAC. IT WAS BOUND WITH GREEN TAPE, 17 FEET LONG AND 14 FEET WIDE. A REWARD OF ONE GUINEA OFFERED, NO QUESTIONS ASKED.

LIVE ANIMALS (DELA)

DEFINITION:
A classification of commodities consisting of wild and domestic animals including pets, but only living animals.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
BULL, 1 PURE-BRED, AYRESHIRE; RAM, SHROPSHIRE
GEESE, 112; TURKEYS, 20; DUCKS, 8 PAIR

FOOD / FEED / BEVERAGES / TOBACCO (DEFFBT)

DEFINITION:
A large category including all food items, such as animal products, cereals, fruit, vegetables, all beverages, feed for animals and tobacco products.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
POTATOES, NEW, 300 BARRELS; PORK, PRIME, 40 BARRELS
PEPPER; CINNAMON; PORTER, BOTTLED; SNUFF, IN BOTTLES

CRUDE MATERIALS (DECM)

DEFINITION:
Inedible primary products, including furs, seeds and nursery stocks, agricultural products such as cotton and wool, metals, minerals, waste and scrap material. It includes the sub-categories MINERAL, SKIN – CRUDE and WOOD – CRUDE.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
COALS, ENGLISH, STRONGLY RECOMMENDED TO HOUSEKEEPERS AS BURNING WITHOUT WASTE; FEATHERS; CORD-WOOD

FABRICATED MATERIALS (DEFM)

DEFINITION:
The output resulting from the processing of primary goods, including ceramics, chemicals, cordage, ornaments, textiles, and fabricated metal, skin, stone, textile and wood products.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
BRICK-DUST, BRISTOL; POLISH, PLATE, FURNITURE; KERSEYMERES; MARBLE WORK; FENCE RAILS

MACHINERY (DEMACH)

DEFINITION:
Manufactured end products consisting of an engine or a mechanism of interrelated moving parts.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
FIRE-ENGINE; CAMERA; DIVING-APPARATUS; SEWING-MACHINES, SINGER’S NO.2

TRANSPORTATION / COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT (DETCE)

DEFINITION:
Manufactured end products related to movement on land or water or for communications.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
WHEELS, CART, 2 PAIRS; SADDLES, MEN’S; WOMENS’ BRIGANTINES, NEW, FIVE OF THE FOLLOWING TONNAGE, 142, 184, 127,115, 118.

OTHER EQUIPMENT / TOOLS (DEOET)

DEFINITION:
Equipment not related to transportation or communication, (chiefly consisting of armaments), and tools and hardware.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
RIFLES, 6; FOWLING-PIECES, 4, CART, 4 SETS; DUBBIN; COAL HUDS; RECKONERS; SCIZARS

PERSONAL HOUSEHOLD GOODS (DEPHG)

DEFINITION:
Inedible manufactured end products related to personal adornment, or used to furnish a household or maintain a family.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
FURNITURE, AT REDUCED PRICES; LOOKING GLASS, IN VARIETY; EAR-DROPS; EPAULETS; NEEDLE-CASES.

MISCELLANEOUS / END PRODUCTS / OTHER (DEMEP)

DEFINITION:
Inedible manufactured end products which are not included in other product classifications. It includes the sub-categories CONTAINERS, PAPER, and STATIONERY.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, partial phrase

EXAMPLES:
CASES; CRATES; GOODS, ASSORTMENT OF SHOP AND FANCY BLANKS; SEAMAN’S ASSISTANTS; SERMONS

SERVICES (DESERV)

DEFINITION:
Products of a tertiary, or service nature. It includes professional, artisanal, educational, and technical services.

DATA CLASS:
alpha-numeric, phrase

EXAMPLES:
BLACKSMITH; ENGRAVER

 

ADMINISTRATIVE FIELDS | BIBLIOGRAPHICAL FIELDS
SUBJECT FIELDS | DESCRIPTIVE FIELDS

 

 

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