Further reading:
Children's Wear

Further Reading: The social context of children at the time of Confederation

For broad overviews of childhood and reform movements during the final decades of the nineteenth century, see:

  • Neil Sutherland, Children in English-Canadian Society: Framing the Twentieth-Century Consensus (Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000).
  • Cynthia Comachio, The Infinite Bonds of Family: Domesticity in Canada, 1850–1940 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999).

For information on middle-class children, see:

  • François Noël, Family Life and Sociability in Upper and Lower Canada, 1780–1870: A View from Diaries and Family Correspondence (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press, 2003).

The experiences of working-class children are described in:

  • Bettina Bradbury, Working Families: Age, Gender, and Daily Survival in Industrializing Montreal (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1993).
  • John Bullen, “Hidden Workers: Child Labour and the Family Economy in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ontario” Labour/Le Travail 18 (Fall 1986), pp. 163–187.
  • Odette Vincent Domey, Filles et familles en milieu ouvrier : Hull, Québec à la fin du X!Xe siècle (Montréal : Regroupement des chercheurs-chercheures en histoire des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec, 1991)

For an exploration of childhood among farm children, see:

  • Joy Parr, Labouring Children: British Immigrant Apprentices to Canada, 1869–1924 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994).

For information on the developing educational system, see:

  • Susan E. Houston and Alison Prentice, Schooling and Scholars in Nineteenth-Century Ontario (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988).
  • Chad Gaffield, “Children, Schooling, and Family Reproduction in Nineteenth-Century Ontario” Canadian Historical Review LXXII:2 (June 1991), pp. 157–191.

Further Reading: Children’s wear at the time of Confederation

  • Bates, Christina. “‘Beauty Unadorned’: Dressing Children in Late Nineteenth-Century Ontario.” Material History Bulletin 21 (Spring 1985): 25-34.
  • Buck, Anne. Clothes and the child: a handbook of children's dress in England, 1500–1900. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1996.
  • Coleman, Dorothy S., Elizabeth A., and Evelyn J. The collector's book of dolls' clothes: costumes in miniature, 1700–1929. New York: Crown Publishers, 1975.
  • Collard, Eileen. From toddler to teens: an outline of children's clothing, circa 1780 to 1930. Burlington, Ontario: E. Collard, 1977.
  • Cunnington, Phillis. Children's costume in England: from the fourteenth to the end of the nineteenth century. London, England: A&C Black, 1972.
  • Ewing, Elizabeth. History of children's costume. New York: Scribner, 1977.
  • Gagnon, Louise. L’apparition des modes enfantines au Québec. Quebec: Institut québécois de recherché sur la culture. 1992. 230 pp. (Collection Edmond-de-Nevers: 11)
  • Rose, Clare. Children's clothes since 1750. London, England: B.T. Batsford, 1989.