In 1989, Alberta Premier Don Getty appointed Lou Hyndman to chair the Rainbow Commission to examine health care services and costs in the province. When the commission published its report in 1990, it argued in favour of a “phased-in budgetary shift to prevention,” based on regionalization that focused on local needs, greater attention to human resources planning, better health data collection (potentially through electronic “smart cards”) and “some private financing to increase choice and competition and redefinition of insured services”(Gregory P. Marchildon, Health Systems in Transition: Canada, ed. Sara Allin and Elias Mossialios [Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006], p. 109). Although Getty did not act on these suggestions, his successor Ralph Klein used the Rainbow Report as the foundation for uniting 128 acute care hospital boards, 25 public health boards and 40 long-term care boards into 17 health regions in 1994. Further consolidation occurred when nine new health regions were created in 2003 and, on May 15, 2008, Premier Ed Stelmach announced the creation of the Alberta Health Services Board, a single health authority designed to replace the nine regional health boards, the Alberta Mental Health Board, the Alberta Cancer Board and the Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission.