Making Medicare:  The History of Health Care in Canada, 1914-2007 Back to Timeline Back to Timeline
Key Players: 1930-1939 Key Players: 1930-1939 Key Players: 1939-1948 Key Players: 1948-1958



Dr. Fred W. Jackson

Born in Stonewall, Manitoba, Frederick Jackson (1888–1958) trained as a doctor at the Manitoba Medical College from 1907 to 1912, served in the Canadian General Hospital in Salonika during the First World War, returned to private practice and then completed his diploma in public health at the University of Toronto in 1929. He joined the Manitoba Department of Public Health and Welfare in 1928, serving as the Deputy Minister of Health from 1931 to 1948. In this capacity, he was a member of the Dominion Council of Health and was also President of the Canadian Public Health Association in 1935. His strong support for health insurance led Paul Martin to arrange his appointment as head of the Directorate of Health Insurance Studies for the Department of National Health and Welfare in 1948, and through the 1950s he directed the administration of the national health grants program, as well as the creation of health policy. As Jackson argued in 1952: “I believe that any plan for real health insurance should include health promotion, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation services, and not just sickness insurance alone . . . The measure of our failure to agree on methods of accomplishing this objective seems to me to be a measure of our failure as an intelligent society. Surely there can be no higher endeavour of organized public health and organized medicine than to strike out boldly in new directions when the ultimate goal is better service to humanity” (“Some Observations on Sickness Insurance in Europe,” Canadian Journal of Public Health 43 [July 1952]: 284, 285).

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    Date Created: March 31, 2010 | Last Updated: April 21, 2010