In 1929, when the Standing Committee on Industrial and International Relations again discussed federal involvement in sickness insurance, R. B. Bennett, the Conservative leader, and Ernest Lapointe, the Liberal Minister of Justice, both argued against the suggestion that the provinces vest their health and welfare powers in the federal government. Ironically, it was Henri Bourassa, the Quebec nationalist, who suggested that it was time for constitutional change, because “neither the upholders of legislative union nor the defenders of provincial rights ever . . . anticipated that this question of social insurance, whether applying to unemployment, to sickness, or to any other form of suffering, would be of such importance” (Canada, House of Commons Debates, Hansard [May 23, 1929], p. 2781). The collapse of the Canadian economy after the stock market crash on October 29, 1929 challenged all levels of government to respond to their citizens’ needs for many forms of social assistance.