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Lifelines: Canada's East Coast Fisheries

Cross Currents
500 Generations of Aboriginal Fishing 
in Atlantic Canada
13,000 Years Ago: 
A New Land on the Horizon
Cross Currents: 
500 Generations of Aboriginal Fishing in Atlantic Canada


Canada's last period of glaciation originated in the north-central part of the country about 25,000 years ago. At the height of glaciation 18,000 years ago, a thick sheet of ice covered virtually all of Atlantic Canada. Around 13,000 years ago, the ice began to recede, allowing wildlife and vegetation to become re-established over the ensuing several thousand years. Aboriginal peoples living south of the glaciers soon began moving into newly ice-free areas to exploit abundant natural resources.

Archaeological Evidence 
of Human Habitation in Atlantic Canada

The red dots on this map indicate the earliest known archaeological evidence of human habitation in Atlantic Canada, dated to about 11,000 years ago.




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