The Medical Climate of Frobisher's England: Maritime Influences
By James Watt
he Frobisher voyages involved a network of merchants, courtiers, politicians, scientists and other professionals who reflected the entrepreneurial character of Tudor England. The dissolution of the monasteries led both to the dissemination of knowledge and to academic and cultural links with the continent which influenced the training of surgeons, their drugs and equipment and the health measures they employed. English surgical practice of the sixteenth century was derived largely from Salernitan tradition with its accent on hygiene, sanitation and nutrition, while sea victualling and watchkeeping followed routines established by Mediterranean nations.