Architectural Relief with
Head of Dushares-Dionysus
PETRA AND THE ANCIENT WORLD
Nabataeans are nomadic tribes, living in tents and herding sheep, goats and camels.
Nomadic Nabataeans begin to settle in Petra.
The Nabataean alphabet comes into use.
The Nabataeans control the incense and spice trades throughout the Arabian peninsula.
50 B.C. - A.D. 50
Petra, capital of the Nabataean kingdom, is at its height and boasts as many as 20,000 residents.
Under the Emperor Trajan, Rome annexes the Nabataean kingdom.
Roman architecture and street-plan constructed in Petra.
An earthquake destroys approximately half of Petra.
Petra continues to be occupied by a smaller Christian population.
Transition to Islamic rule.
IN THE ANCIENT WORLD
Sparta defeats Athens, ending the Peloponnesian War.
Alexander the Great's empire stretches from Greece to India.
Alexander dies and his empire is divided
The Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage in North Africa.
Caesar conquers Gaul and invades Britain.
27 B.C. - A.D. 14
Augustus, the first emperor of Rome, unifies the ancient world.
Romans occupy Palestine.
The Hebrew Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed
Jewish revolt and beginning of diaspora from Palestine.
Constantine, the first Christian Roman emperor, moves the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium.
Attila the Hun invades Europe.
The Roman Empire fragments into smaller kingdoms.