Kayaks Wave Eaters

Kayaks of the Eastern Canadian Inuit

The Inuit of Baffin Island, northern Quebec and Labrador used kayaks that were more or less flat-bottomed and relatively wide, characteristics that contribute to stability. With high, rising prows that helped to override the waves, these relatively heavy kayaks were well adapted to their primary function: hunting waterfowl and sea mammals in the open sea.

Hudson Strait kayak
Cape Wolstenholme, Quebec, 1914
CMC IV-B-494
East Hudson Bay kayak
Main builder: Piitayuusi
Povungnituk, Quebec, 1959
CMC IV-B-743
East Hudson Bay "two-hole" kayak,
a variety that first appeared on the Belcher Islands in the 1940s
but that has not been reported from other Canadian Inuit

Belcher Islands, Northwest Territories, 1963
CMC IV-B-825
Baffin Island "retrieval" kayak,
a short but wide variety developed after the acquisition of firearms
and used to fetch seals that were shot from the edge of the floe

Cumberland Sound, Baffin Island, Northwest Territories, 1909

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