River dugouts were used on lakes and rivers by various groups across the country. Made from a variety of trees, including cottonwood and pine, they were simpler in design and cruder in construction than the great seagoing canoes of the Pacific Coast. However, some of the larger models were capable of carrying a substantial weight.
|Shuswap cottonwood dugout canoe
Near Kamloops, British Columbia, 1928
|Iroquois dugout canoe
Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, 1912
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