Glossary

ArcView GIS
Mapping software produced by ESRI Canada. See: http://www.esri.com/software/arcview/

ASTt
Arctic Small Tool tradition. Early Arctic cultures.

Borden System
An alpha-numeric code used to assign a unique identifier to each archaeological site found in Canada.

CAA
Canadian Archaeological Association. See: http://www.canadianarchaeology.com/

CAIS
Cultural Assets Information System. An information system used at the Canadian Museum of Civilization. See: http://www.historymuseum.ca/media/docs/pr85beng.shtml

CHIN
Canadian Heritage Information Network. See: http://www.chin.gc.ca/

CMC
Canadian Museum of Civilization. See: http://www.historymuseum.ca

GIS
Geographic Information System. Mapping software used to archive and analyse geographic and attribute data.

GeoConnections
A federal funding program for GIS projects. See: http://www.geoconnections.org/en/index.html

Geo-referenced
Information that can be associated with geographical coordinates.

HBC
Hudson Bay Company. See: http://www.hbc.com/hbcheritage/default.asp

Inuksuk
An Inuktitut word meaning “human-like”. A stone landmark found in the Arctic.

Inuktitut
Language of the Inuit.

Kayak
An Inuktitut word referring to a light, skin watercraft.

KE Emu
Knowledge Engineering (KE) Electronic Museum (Emu). Database software used at the Canadian Museum of Civilizaiton. See: http://www.kesoftware.com/index.php?lang=en

Komatik
An Inuit sled.

Nangissat
An Inuktitut word designating “hopping stones”, stones that have been aligned for use in a jumping game.

NIP
National Inventory Program. A National Museums of Canada programme that operated a computer service for museum applications from 1981 to 1998. See: http://collections.civilisations.ca/sites/sitof01e.shtml

NIPS
National Inventory of Prehistoric Sites. A county wide inventory of archaeological sites managed by the Archaeological Survey of Canada, NMM, from 1972 to 1981. See: http://collections.civilisations.ca/sites/sitof01e.shtml

NWC
Northwest Company. See: http://www.northwest.ca/BackOffice/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabindex=3&tabid=10020

NWMP
Northwest Mounted Police. See: http://www.nwmpmuseum.com/history.htm

Qaggiq
An Inuktitut word referring to a large communal structure or festival house.

Qarmaq
An Inuktitut word referring to an autumn or spring house.

RCMP
Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Tepee
A conical tent structure made of poles and covered with skins, often used by Sub-arctic cultures. See: http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic42-2-128.pdf

Toboggan
From a Chippewa word referring to a type of sled used to carry heavy loads over the snow.

Umiak
An Inuktitut word referring to a large skin boat.

WMS
Web Map Service. Technical protocol for Web map applications.

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Photo terminology

Cache
A stone construction used for storage.

Canoe
A North American aboriginal watercraft. See: http://www.gwichin.ca/AboutGSCI/aboutGSCI.html

Cairn
A construction of stone used as a landmark.

Cruciform
In the shape of a T or of a cross referring to house construction.

Cut stumps
Used as indicators of past activity, i.e. trail clearing or shelter building.

Dorset
A pre-Inuit Arctic culture.

Hunting blind
A structure, often a low wall, used as a cover by hunters while sitting or lying in wait.

Independence I
A pre-Inuit Arctic culture.

Kayak
An Inuit skin watercraft.

Kayak stand
A construction of boulders used to store a kayak while not in use.

Lithic
Consisting of stone or rock (from the Greek lithos).

Lithic scatter
Worked stone often found on archaeological sites indicative of the type of stone and tools manufactured and/or used on a site.

Longhouse
A habitation structure used by pre-Inuit Arctic peoples.

Mid-passage
A stone partition found within some early Arctic habitation structures used to delineate a hearth area or other activity area.

Semi-subterranean
Partly under ground. Refers to an architectural detail found in many Arctic and Sub-Arctic habitation structures, used as a heat conservation measure. See: http://www.historymuseum.ca/tresors/ethno/etb0320e.shtml

Tent ring
Refers to geometrical configurations of surface or sunken stones or gravel. These are remnants of habitation structures, having been used to secure a roof covering of skin or other material.

Thule
A whale and other maritime mammal hunting Arctic people, ancestors to present-day Inuit.

Toy tent ring
Miniature tent ring built for and used by children as play structures. See: http://gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/baffin4d/proj/p26_2002_e.php

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