About Culture Categories:

Yukon | Northwest Territories | Nunavut | Prince Edward Island and Maritimes

The Sites Database contains hundreds of culture categories. All of the different archaeological cultures, complexes and phases assigned by the reporting researcher have been entered as reported and all terms are available for searching on the Web viewer. Click here to view a table of searchable terms.

However, in order to facilitate data manipulation and map compilation, culture categories were simplified by grouping into general culture categories, as follows:

Table of Generalized Cultures and Associated Time Spans for Yukon. *
General Cultures General Time Span
Palaeoindian 9,500 B.C. to 6,000 B.C.
Early Microblade Complexes >14,000 B.C. to 4000 B.C.
Archaic 4000 B.C. to >500 B.C.
Pre-Contact Dene >500 B.C. to A.D. 1800
Post-Contact Dene A.D.1800 to A.D. 1950
Early Palaeoeskimo 2500 B.C. to 1000 B.C.
Late Palaeoeskimo 1000 B.C. to A.D. 500
Palaeoeskimo (general) 2500 B.C. to A.D.500
Thule and Pre-Contact Inuit A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1800
Post-Contact Inuit A.D. 1800 to A.D. 1950
Inuit (general) A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1950
Historic Non-Aboriginal A.D. 1800 to A.D. 1950


Table of Generalized Cultures and Associated Time Spans for Northwest Territories (NWT). *
General Cultures General Time Span
Palaeoindian 7000 B.C. to 4000 B.C.
Archaic 4000 B.C. to >500 B.C.
Pre-Contact Dene 600 B.C. to A.D. 1775
Post-Contact Dene A.D. 1775 to A.D. 1950
Metis A.D. 1850 - A.D. 1950
Early Palaeoeskimo 2500 B.C. to 800 B.C.
Late Palaeoeksimo 800 B.C. to A.D. 1000
Palaeoeskimo (general) 2000 B.C. to A.D.500
Thule and Pre-Contact Inuit A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1800
Post-Contact Inuit A.D. 1800 to A.D. 1950
Inuit (general) A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1950
Historic Non-Aboriginal A.D. 1800 to A.D. 1950
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Table of Generalized Cultures and Associated Time Spans for Nunavut. *
General Cultures General Time Span
Palaeoeindian (Keewatin only) 6000 B.C. to 5000 B.C.
Archaic (Keewatin only) 4500 B.C. to 1500 B.C.
Pre-Contact Dene (Keewatin only) 600 B.C. to A.D. 1750
Post-Contact Dene (Keewatin) A.D. 1750 to A.D. 1950
Early Palaeoeskimo 2500 B.C. to 800 B.C
Late Palaeoeskimo 800 B.C. to A.D. 1000
Palaeoeskimo (general) 2500 B.C. to A.D.1300
Thule and Pre-Contact Inuit A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1600
Post-Contact Inuit A.D. 1600 to A.D. 1950
Inuit (general) A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1950
Historic Non-Aboriginal A.D. 1600 to A.D. 1950
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Table of Generalized Cultures and Associated Time Spans for Prince Edward Island and Maritimes (PEI/Maritime). *
General Cultures General Time Span
Palaeoindian 9000 B.C. to 7000 B.C.
Archaic 7000 B.C. to 500 B.C.
Maritime Woodland (incl pre-cont.Mi'kmaq) 500 B.C. to A.D. 1500
Late Prehistoric 1000 A.D. to 1500 A.D.
Post-Contact Mi'kmaq 1500 A.D. to 1950 A.D.
Mi'kmaq (general) 500 B.C. to 1950 A.D.
Acadian 1600 A.D. to 1950 A.D.
Historic Non Aboriginal 1600 A.D. to 1950 A.D.
(incl. African American)  

* NOTE: Time spans are vague and arbitrary, especially the early dates.

Sources:

Clark, Donald W.
1981
Prehistory of the Western Subarctic. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.), Vol.6, Subarctic. June Helm (vol. ed.): 107-129. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Gordon, B.C.
1996
People of Sunlight, People of Starlight - Barrenland Archaeology in the Northwest Territories of Canada, Mercury Series, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Paper 154, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Québec.

Additional comments and reviews by:
M. Betts, Curator Atlantic Provinces Archaeology, CMC.
B. Gordon, Curator Emeritus, CMC.
R. Gotthardt, Territorial Archaeologist, Yukon Cultural Services.
D. Morrison, Chief, Archaeology and History, CMC .

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